Eternal spring - as Guatemala is known as - refers to the temperate climate that the highlands enjoy and exploit for cultivation. Its two cash crops of coffee and flowers thrive in this consistent environment.
This familiarity persists today, although it can be misleading. While in Guatemala you can experience comfortable spring breezes, hot and humid tropical weather and very cold nights (below 0°C ), all in the same day, depending on where in Guatemala you are.
The average annual temperature in the highlands above 3,000 meters (9840 ft) is 15°C (59°F), while in the lowlands the average is 25°C (77°F). In the lowlands and towards the Pacific Coast that preoccupies most fishermen, the temperature can reach 38°C (89°F) or greater - with peak temperature and humidity mid-year.
The term itself "Land of Eternal Spring" was first used to give the image of a country and countryside that was in perpetual bloom. Away from the coast, the land rises towards the volcanoes and the climate becomes temperate and ideal for cultivation - hence blossoming month to month. Flower cultivation and export (primarily roses) continues to be a major industry in Guatemala today - in fact one of the largest rose farms in the world can be found just outside the ancient capital of Antigua.
The tag though is is a bit misleading - as there are effectively only two seasons: the dry season and the rainy season. The longer season is the rainy season, which lasts from May through October (often with a pleasant intermission in August) followed by the dry season which lasts from January through April...read more »